The position of neighboring countries from the Libyan crisis


This article aims to demonstrate the position of the Libyan neighboring about the conflicts between the rival parties in the Libyan territory, since it is certain that under the current pattern of international relations and the secretions of globalization, every crisis in the world has local, , And international.

I will also present only to the countries that are bordering on the continent with Libya on the African continent. In view of Libyan geography, six countries on the African continent share land borders with Libya: Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger, Algeria and Tunisia.

I will adopt a country-specific proposal and I will not share common themes among countries. In this way, it is easy to go back to each country separately and use its own information in other research.

On April 4, 2019, retired Major General Khalifa Haftar announced the launch of a military operation to take control of the Libyan capital under the pretext of expelling extremists and terrorists. More than two months later, the objectives of the operation appear to be unachievable. Meanwhile, the war continues, leaving the country without obvious horizon to political solutions.

Since the coup d’état led by Abdel Fattah al-Sisi against ousted president Mohamed Morsi, Cairo stood with the Tobruk parliament and publicly supported his army commander, retired general Khalifa Haftar, who declared his loyalty to Al-Sisi , his generals confessed about the participation of the Egyptian air force by his side.

The Egyptian approach to the Libyan case sees that Tobruk parliament is the legitimate authority in the country, and the army led by Haftar is the military arm that can keep the Islamists away from the status of decision in Libya, which is what Cairo seeks.

Sudan has suffered charges of supporting terrorists in Libya by Tobruk parliament, which Khartoum has repeatedly denied. The Sudanese hand over an “under maintenance jet fighter” to the Tobruk parliament in order to stay away of terrorism support accusation.

However, following the military coup in Sudan and the military council taking over the power, we began to see a clear convergence of interests between haftar and the military junta, with being close to the same support body (Saudi Arabia and the UAE).

For Chad, the government is close to the French, so Chad’s policy in Libya is in full harmony with France’s position about supporting Khalifa Hafatr.

Chad benefited from its relationship with Haftar striking the Chadian opposition, whom resorted to the Libyan territory in order escape from the brutality of Chadian regime.

Algeria has fears about the growing influence of Egypt in Libya, so it did not cooperate with the parliament of Tobruk, nor did it recognize its legitimacy. and has been seeking a settlement to end the fighting so it can prevent Egyptian-loyal group from expanding their domination westward near its borders, that’s why Algeria received delegations from the Government of Salvation Tripoli during the year 2015, while remaining in contact with the other party.

The Tunisian position was in harmony with the Algerian position, and Tunisia continued to support the government of Tripoli as the ruler of the vital artery of the Tunisian economy, which represented by the border port that control the whole wester area.

The question that arises after this brief of the positions of the neighboring countries, if the military equation changed in the military campaign against Tripoli, shall we see changes in those countries positions?

Maybe the future can give us the answers, but till that time, those alliances will remain dominant in the Libyan scene.